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Hazrat Umar (RA) was one of the powerful and influential Muslim Caliphs in the history of Islam. He belonged from Quraish Tribe of Banu Adi tribe and was born in the year 584 in Mecca, Arabia. His father name was Khattab Ibn Nufayl. He is thirteen years younger than the Holy Prophet (saww). He is one of the early converts who stood with Holy Prophet (Saww) when he called upon his close kin and kith for preaching the word of God. Salam Planet pays tribute to every Martyr of Islam, who laid his/her life for the sake of Allah and Hazrat Umar (RA) is one of them. Murdered on the first day of first Islamic Month, Hazrat Umar (RA) was a person of substance. We will shed light upon his life in the following words, keep reading the blog.
Hazrat Umar (RA): Early Life
Hazrat Umar (RA) was a non-Muslim initially but later converted to the religion of Islam. After his conversion, Islam was strengthened a lot because he was known for his bravery, spirited self and was well-known among the Quraish. Before his conversion, he was one of the fanatic enemies of Hazrat Muhammad (Saww). It is narrated that once he was on his way to kill Holy Prophet (Saww) that he came to know about his sister and brother-in-law acceptance of Islam, he got furious and went straight to his sister house where he found her reciting the verses of Quran. He slapped his sister who patiently bore, when he got calmed, he asked her to show him the verses of the Quran, she read out the following verse: “Indeed, I am Allah. There is no deity except Me, so worship Me and establish prayer for My remembrance.” Quran [20:14]
He was greatly moved by the Holy verses and approved them as the words of Allah. He went through the procedure of mediation and finally went to the Holy Prophet (Saww) for accepting Islam.
Hazrat Umar (RA): During Lifetime of Holy Prophet (Saww)
There are many sayings by Holy Prophet (Saww) about Hazrat Umar (RA) such as, “o Allah, strengthen Islam with one of two men whom you love more: Amr ibn hisham [Abu jahl] or Umar ibn al-khattab.” (sunan al-tirmidhi)
He fought many battles bravery during the time of Holy Prophet (Saww), being present in the Battle of Uhad, Badr and Trench.
The Prophet Hazrat Mohammad (SAW) said regarding the incomparable confidence of Hazrat Umar (RA) in the given under mentioned words: “I see that devil either from humans or jinn, runs away from Umar”. (Tirimzi).
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Hazrat Umar (RA): Period of Caliphate
At the time of the Holy Prophet’s death, he was deeply sorrowed and Hazrat Abu Bakr (RA) consoled him. He became the second Caliph in Islam after Hazrat Abu Bakr (RA). The period of his Caliphate is known as the prosperous. Within ten years of his glorious rule, the whole of the Persian Empire, Syria, Palestine, Egypt and a part of Turkey came under the banner of Islam and the nations entered the layer of Islam. He delivered an efficient system of administration, becoming the founder of Political Islam. He safeguarded the internal safety by introducing the police force: he gave stipends to the poor; he constructed headquarters and forts for the safety of Islamic armies; he founded new cities for the growth of Islamic culture and civilization; he improved agriculture and economics of the Islamic State; he founded the educational system in an Islamic State; in brief he was the founder of a great Islamic State. Hazrat Umar (RA) was assassinated by a Persian non-Muslim named Feroz. He stabbed Hazrat Umar (RA), as a result of which he passed away three days later on Ist of Muharram.
There is no doubt that Hazrat Umar (RA) is one of the role models in our religion. He was an embodiment of justice, principles, piety, humility, and character. He performed all his roles whether personal or professional with intensity and not a single example can be put forward which shows that he performed his role less than perfect.
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